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My Son is my Twin!

It’s been almost 20 years since Dolly the Sheep shocked the world and sparked moral debate regards cloning, but this week has been ablaze with new research findings sparking all kinds of new fanciful concepts like “parenting your non-identical twin” etc.
Earlier this year scientists in China reported they have created human embryos without the use of sperm. They took stem cells and tricked them into becoming a precursor of sperm called primordial germ cells and following this they then tricked them into becoming the next phase in sperm development called spermatids by exposing them to ordinary testicular cells and testosterone. They managed to successfully fertilise mice eggs with this artificial sperm – thus removing the need for male sperm – opening all kinds of doors for male infertility or for the fantasists – a world a without the need for men.
Earlier this week scientists from the University of Bath reported they have evidence that one day we could create babies without the need for eggs. They created mice pseudo-embryos by manipulation of unfertilised eggs and then successfully created real embryos by injecting them with sperm. They argue that pseudo-embryos are much like ordinary cells in many of their properties and their research suggests that it may be possible to achieve fertilisation of cells other than eggs one day. Now our fantasists are dreaming up a world without women.
It just got more exciting for those of you who love this stuff, as a group in China just yesterday reported they have successfully created 30 Human Embryo Clones.
All of this means there is hope on the horizon for couples with fertility problems, with the possibility of all kinds of magical combinations available, especially for same sex couples wanting to have a biological child of their own.
The question now is who will take that first step into the ethical mind storm and bring a cloned human into the world. Dolly the sheep was named after Dolly Parton, as the cloned cell was from a sheep’s udder in reference to the singer’s famous bust. What will the first human be called?

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Compensation Nation

Medical indemnity and the fees that some GPs have to pay, is once again hitting the general practice arena, but this time the news is of a more positive note. Hope is on the horizon, and the first signs are now visible that ‘General Practice Forward View’ will soon begin to make a difference for those being hit hardest by the dramatic fee hikes. ‘Forward View’ promises large scale reform of some of the more inefficient, outdated and unfair working conditions facing today’s modern profession. It has recently been announced that with immediate effect NHS England will release £60million of funding, over a 2 year period, to Practices across the country in an effort to combat spiralling costs associated to indemnity fees.

In recent years fees have risen dramatically, as a result of an ever increasing number of claims being made against the profession. When claims have been successful, in some instances, the awards paid have been relatively staggering in their amounts. Ironically this comes at a time when quality and safety has never rated so highly amongst patients in relation to their service. With an upward trend in claims being made and the ‘compensation’ culture affecting the whole of the NHS, the situation looks set only to worsen.

Conservative estimations place fee rises during the last twelve months at 26%, which has affected 90% of all GPs. Clearly this isn’t sustainable for the workforce and it is also affecting where GPs choose to work. The greatest risks and therefore the greatest costs are associated to locum, urgent care and out of hours work. It’s often much cheaper for GPs to work part-time, which at a time when GP workloads are at saturation point is a major cause for concern. We need our GP workforce to work more sessions, not less. We should be incentivising the profession to give more and reap the rewards of their hard work and dedication. We shouldn’t be forcing GPs to work in other areas of the UK where it is more affordable to work because litigation claims, and the amounts paid out for successful claims are significantly lower than in England.

In the latest news it has been revealed that the additional money will be shared out according to the list size of individual Practices, and this will not be influenced by the current indemnity fees of the GPs working there. In the process that will no doubt follow this news, one can only hope that this additional funding filters through to the Locum workforce, to ensure equity to all of the profession. Locums can be the life line for many Practices across England, but often face some of the dramatic charges reported within the media.

It is too early to assess how much of a difference this cash injection will make in the pockets of GPs. £60million may not even scratch the surface, with some in the profession speculating that by just throwing money at the problem this may only prove to worsen the current situation in the future. NHS England and the Government need to take steps towards standardising and legitimising the amounts paid out by the MDU and MPS, if the ‘blame and claim’ culture is truly to be overcome. The rising and unrealistic expectations of the general public need to be addressed, especially when resource and funding fall short in attempts to meet demand.